A dumper is a vehicle designed for carrying bulk material, often on building sites. A dumper is usually an open 4-wheeled vehicle with the load skip in front of the driver. The skip can tip to dump the load; this is where the name "dumper" comes from
A dump truck is a truck used for transporting loose material (such as sand, gravel, or dirt) for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with a hydraulically operated open-box bed hinged at the rear, the front of which can be lifted to allow the contents to be deposited on the ground behind the truck at the site of delivery
A loading shovel is a key piece of heavy duty equipment used within the land-based and construction industries. They are specially designed for a multitude of tasks, mainly involving moving and loading materials.